-21% sale
Advanced Probiotics - DNA Formulas - Patented Bioshield Technology ensures live cultures are delivered, Probiotic with Acidophilus and Bifidum Strains. Best Probiotics for Women and Men Advanced Probiotics - DNA Formulas - Patented Bioshield Technology ensures live cultures are delivered, Probiotic with Acidophilus and Bifidum Strains. Best Probiotics for Women and Men
Advanced Probiotics - DNA Formulas - Patented Bioshield Technology ensures live cultures are delivered, Probiotic with Acidophilus and Bifidum Strains. Best Probiotics for Women and Men $39.95 $49.95
BEST PROBIOTICS GUARANTEED POTENCY UNTIL EXPIRATION DATE Beware of probiotic supplements that don't guarantee potency all the way to expiration. Those strains can be dead by the time you buy the probiotic. When you buy DNA Formulas Advanced Probiotics we guarantee that the strains will be alive and ready to support your GI and Immune System. 20 TIMES MORE EFFECTIVE PROBIOTIC SUPPLEMENT The Advanced Probiotic features a broad-spectrum of strains, scientifically selected for resilience, endurance, and effectiveness. PROFESSIONAL GRADE & DEVELOPED BY DOCTORS Our cutting edge blend of Probiotic supplements was designed by doctors for women & men containing Lactobacillus (Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus paracasei, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus rhamnosus), Bifidobacterium (Bifidobacterium lactis, Bifidobacterium bifidum and Saccharomyces boulardii. GLUTEN FREE, NO REFRIGERATION REQUIRED & MADE IN USA Our unique probiotics supplements are Manufactured in the USA in a FDA and GMP, state-of-the-art facility. Every batch is third party tested & audited to ensure the ingredients are safe, pure and potent. We pride ourselves on our superior ingredients, and manufacturing process. BOOST IMMUNE SYSTEM & DIGESTIVE HEALTH Our Superior Probiotics Supplement replenishes the beneficial bacteria for optimal digestive and immune health, supports more vitamin production and promotes daily relief from allergies, gas, bloating and constipation. It may even help you lose weight by improving your metabolism and accelerating fat loss.
GI Synergy (K-64) - Apex Energetics - Powerful Combination of Anti-Microbial and Gastrointestinal Health Support GI Synergy (K-64) - Apex Energetics - Powerful Combination of Anti-Microbial and Gastrointestinal Health Support
GI Synergy (K-64) - Apex Energetics - Powerful Combination of Anti-Microbial and Gastrointestinal Health Support from $35.00
GI-Synergy is a combination of 3 Apex Energetics products, H-PLR, Yeastonil & Parastonil. GI-Synergy contains a complex of herbal ingredients designed to help the healing of the intestines. Instestinal health is absolutely necessary for proper endrocrine, neurological and immune function. Forward thinking companies like Apex Energetics are offering more and more excellent GI repair products. If you have food sensitivities, trying to heal from decades of gluten ingestion are chronically ill and/or have every taken antibiotics, this will be an excellent product for you.
MegaSporeBiotic - Microbiome Labs - Spore Forming Probiotics MegaSporeBiotic - Microbiome Labs - Spore Forming Probiotics
MegaSporeBiotic - Microbiome Labs - Spore Forming Probiotics $59.95
Mega Spore Biotic™ is a spore form pharmaceutical-grade probiotic supplement that contains Bacillus Indicus HU36™, a patented probiotic strain that produces antioxidants in the gut. DESIGNED BY NATURE MegaSporeBiotic™ is formulated with nature in mind. Spores, derived from the word “seed,”are the most basic building block of a new cell. Found naturally in our environment, spores area robust and effective way of delivering probiotics. Once they reach the intestines, they go to work strengthening the immune system and protecting you from infection. STOMACH SURVIVOR Our scientists have found a way to deliver these probiotics safely to the digestive system.These strains have a tough natural outer shell that protects them from the stomach acid. This key feature is what makes MegaSporeBiotic™ effective and what separates us from all other probiotic products. ANTIOXIDANT BENEFITS MegaSporeBiotic™ introduces HU36™, the first commercially available carotenoid rich probiotic. This strain naturally produces forms of lycopene, astaxanthin, zeaxanthin, beta carotene and lutein in your digestive tract right at the site of absorption. This makes them the most bioavailable antioxidants known to science. CONVENIENT - NO REFRIGERATION Traveling with MegaSporeBiotic™ is convenient, uncomplicated, and practical because it does not require refrigeration. If a probiotic is so fragile it requires refrigeration, how will it survive the high temperatures and acidity of the stomach? It won’t. MegaSporeBiotic™ survives and arrives at the site of colonization alive, so it can perform its probiotic function!
Enzymix Pro (K-99) - Apex Energetics - Broad Spectrum Digestive Enzyme and Nutrient Absorption Formula Enzymix Pro (K-99) - Apex Energetics - Broad Spectrum Digestive Enzyme and Nutrient Absorption Formula
Enzymix Pro (K-99) - Apex Energetics - Broad Spectrum Digestive Enzyme and Nutrient Absorption Formula $49.95
EnzymixPro™ incorporates a special proprietary blend of various enzymes, including brush border enzymes, that has been meticulously designed to support the gastrointestinal system.* This formula combines a broad spectrum of enzymes to help support the digestion of sugars, starches, fibers, proteins, and fats.* It also includes HCI for further digestive support.*  A small size of EnymixPro™ (K99A), which contains 30 capsules, is also available. Benefits Broad spectrum of digestive needs addressed in one capsule* pH-optimized enzymes for targeted digestive support* Two products in one with plant-based enzymes and HCl Ingredients to support both gastric and intestinal enzymatic function* Enzymes in key ratios to support today’s dietary needs* Suggested Use: Take 1-2 capsules twice a day, or as directed by your healthcare professional. Storage instructions: Store at room temperature away from direct sunlight. Keep this bottle tightly closed. Warning: Consult your healthcare professional before use if pregnant, nursing, taking medications, or for any use by minors. Do not use if safety seal is broken or missing. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. For nutritional use only. *This statement has not been evaluated by the Food Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
MegaMucosa - Microbiome Labs - Leaky Gut - Digestive Rebuilder MegaMucosa - Microbiome Labs - Leaky Gut - Digestive Rebuilder
MegaMucosa - Microbiome Labs - Leaky Gut - Digestive Rebuilder $59.00
MegaMucosa is the first complete mucosal support supplement of its kind, formulated to REBUILD a healthy mucosal barrier. MegaMucosa also contains dairy-free immunoglobulins clinically shown to support a healthy immune response in the mucosa and a state-of-the-art flavobiotic clinically shown to support microbial diversity and alleviate barrier dysfunction, otherwise known as leaky gut. The first complete mucosal support supplement of its kind MegaMucosa is the first complete mucosal support supplement of its kind, formulated to REBUILD a healthy mucosal barrier. MegaMucosa also contains dairy-free immunoglobulins clinically shown to support a healthy immune response in the mucosa and a state-of-the-art flavobiotic clinically shown to support microbial diversity and alleviate barrier dysfunction, otherwise known as leaky gut. The mucosal system is a very important part of the human immune system. Not many people think of mucus as being protective, but it is the main interface between the human body and the outside world. The mucosal system contains 150 times more surface area than skin, which makes it one of the most important immune barriers. The health of the mucosa determines how the body interacts with antigens; therefore, the integrity of the intestinal mucosa can dictate overall immune function. What does it do? The dairy-free immunoglobulin concentrate supports healthy digestion, neutralizes environmental toxins, and helps to REBUILD protective intestinal barriers. These IgG antibodies can reduce the damage of metabolic endotoxemia and neutralize LPS, an endotoxin that triggers mucosal activation. There are four key amino acids that play an important role in the production of intestinal mucosa include: L-proline, L-serine, L-cysteine, and L-threonine. These four amino acids have been shown to increase mucin2 production and stimulate mucin synthesis in the colon, resulting in a thicker and healthier mucosal barrier. MicrobiomeX® is a natural citrus extract rich in polyphenols that supports digestive health and immunity by increasing microbial diversity in the gut and improving gut barrier function. A clinical study using 500mg of citrus fruit extract found a significant increase in short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) composition and a reduction in fecal calprotectin. Both results suggest that citrus polyphenols can reduce inflammation and modulate the microbial composition in the gut. FDA DisclaimerThis information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Neither the information on this website nor any formula(s) mentioned is intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­
Biotagen Powder - Klaire Labs - Powerful Prebiotic Formula Biotagen Powder - Klaire Labs - Powerful Prebiotic Formula
Biotagen Powder - Klaire Labs - Powerful Prebiotic Formula $34.00
BiotaGen® is a distinctive formulation of soluble dietary fiber with prebiotic activities that stimulates growth of colonic populations of beneficial bacteria and enhances gastrointestinal and systemic immune function.† BiotaGen® combines chicory inulin with the immunomodulating actions of larch arabinogalactan and purified yeast beta-glucan.† Chicory-derived inulin is an inulin-type fructan best known for its ability to sustain increases in populations of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, and Eubacterium, an important butyrate-producing species indigenous to the bowel.† By escaping digestion and absorption in the small intestine, inulin-type fructans arrive largely intact in the colon where they selectively feed benefecial gut microbiota. In addition, inulin-type fructans promote normal colon transit times, enhance absorption of calcium and magnesium, favorably modulate lipid levels, support gut mucosal barrier and immune function, regulate intestinal epithelial cell growth, and reduce the number of potentially undesirable bacterial species.† Arabinogalactan, a polysaccharide derived from the Western Larch tree, is a highly soluble dietary fiber that enhances immune function by promoting cytokine production and increasing the number of natural killer cells.† Indigestible by human enzymes, arabinogalactan exerts prebiotic properties including the ability to selectively stimulate Lactobacillus species. Arabinogalactan is metabolized to short-chain fatty acids (acetate, butyrate, and propionate) and reduces ammonia production.† Beta-glucan, a glucose polysaccharide prebiotic fiber, has broad, beneficial effects on immune function through enhancement of monocytes and macrophages. Beta-glucan stimulates immune responses to a wide spectrum of fungal, and undesirable microorganisms.† BiotaGen® is recommended to nutritionally support optimal gastrointestinal function, promote populations of healthful colonic bacteria, and enhance gastrointestinal and systemic immune function.† BiotaGen® works synergistically with probiotics to assure intestinal microbiota balance.†
RepairVite-GT Plus (K-120)- L-Glutamine - Deglycyrrhizinated Licorice - Aloe Vera RepairVite-GT Plus (K-120)- L-Glutamine - Deglycyrrhizinated Licorice - Aloe Vera
RepairVite-GT Plus (K-120)- L-Glutamine - Deglycyrrhizinated Licorice - Aloe Vera $63.00
RepairVite-GT™ Plus supports the gastrointestinal tract and lining by providing 4 key ingredients—L-glutamine, deglycyrrhizinated licorice, aloe vera extract, and ginger extract.* In addition, this formula includes a proprietary blend of enzymes targeted to support digestion and the absorption of nutrients.* This product provides 3.5 g of the amino acid L-glutamine, specifically selected to provide both a fuel source and precursors to support the growth  of rapidly dividing cells in the intestinal lining.* Benefits Combines flavonoids, carotenoids, and phytochemicals that may nourish gastrointestinal tissue* Includes extracts with mucilage content that may soothe the intestines* Uses glycoproteins that help sustain the intestinal mucous membrane* Incorporates plant sterols and ferulic acid esters intended to support the enteric nervous system* Suggested use: Mix 1 scoop with up to 8 ounces of water. Mix well before drinking. Use once a day, or as directed by your healthcare professional. Storage instructions: Store at room temperature away from direct sunlight. Keep this container tightly closed. Warning: Consult your healthcare professional before use if pregnant, nursing, taking medications, or for any use by minors. Do not use if safety seal is broken or missing. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. For nutritional use only.
Strengtia ( K-61) - Apex Energetics - Synbiotic Formula that Supports the Microbiome - Lactobacillus & Arabinogalactan Strengtia ( K-61) - Apex Energetics - Synbiotic Formula that Supports the Microbiome - Lactobacillus & Arabinogalactan
Strengtia ( K-61) - Apex Energetics - Synbiotic Formula that Supports the Microbiome - Lactobacillus & Arabinogalactan $53.95
Strengtia™ is a synbiotic formula designed to fortify the intestinal microbial environment with targeted probiotics, such as the widely researched and clinically proven DDS-1 strain of Lactobacillus acidophilus, and the prebiotic arabinogalactan.* This advanced formula combines Saccharomyces boulardii and bacterial strains that are specially selected for their stability and viability—including resistance to stomach acid—and for their complementary and diverse activities.* Features Supplies 30 billion† CFU and 125 mg of arabinogalactans per capsule Synbiotic formulas—those that combine pre- and probiotics— are thought to be more effective than probiotics alone* Supplies the superior DDS-1 strain of Lactobacillus acidophilus for optimal colonization* A useful part of the 4-R and Repair & Clear™ Programs No refrigeration needed; viable at room temperature Strains selected for viability, activities, and resistance to stomach acid  Benefits Builds and maintains intestinal mucosal integrity and health* Strengthens natural defenses and supports intestinal immune function* Supports a balanced intestinal microbial environment* Aids the healthy digestion of proteins, fats, and lactose* Supports healthy levels of folate and B12* Supports a balanced intestinal cytokine profile* Positively influences intestinal pH as well as short-chain fatty acid and ammonia production*
EnteroVite - (K-100) Butyric Acid - Short Chain Fatty Acid Support EnteroVite - (K-100) Butyric Acid - Short Chain Fatty Acid Support
EnteroVite - (K-100) Butyric Acid - Short Chain Fatty Acid Support $59.95
EnteroVite™ represents the latest science in microbiota-related supplementation. It delivers short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs)—the natural end products (postbiotics) of complex carbohydrate digestion by enteric bacteria. An increasing number of studies demonstrate the broad and profound effects of SCFAs locally, in intestinal mucosal health and microbiota diversity, and systemically, as molecular messengers.* Features Uses calcium beta-hydroxy beta-methyl butyrate, a form of butyrate, for maximum butyric acid delivery No sodium hydroxylate (lye), which is often incorporated with sodium butyrate Delivers not only butyrate but also propionate and acetate for broader activities Benefits Supports microbiome diversity and the health and function of intestinal epithelial cells* Supports intestinal tight junction protein synthesis, which is critical to intestinal barrier function* Supports colonic T-regulatory cell activity and immune homeostasis to encourage immune tolerance* Supports energy metabolism* Supports NF-kappaB signaling and cytokine production associated with good health*
Terraflora Broad Spectrum Synbiotic | Environmedica Terraflora Broad Spectrum Synbiotic | Environmedica
Terraflora Broad Spectrum Synbiotic | Environmedica $49.00
Terraflora™ is a novel broad spectrum synbiotic formulated with a combination of spore form probiotics, and advanced, food-based, ancient prebiotics designed for robust support of gastrointestinal health. Benefits Broad spectrum, soil-based probiotic blend formulated to support robust gastrointestinal health and immune functionEach strain is third party DNA verified to ensure identity, and uniquely cultivated using a hypoallergenic, vegan, non-GMO growth mediaIntroduces two novel, GRAS-affirmed Bacillus strains: Ribospore™ (Bacillus pumilus), shown in studies to be a substantial producer of riboflavin (vitamin B2), an essential nutrient with novel prebiotic effects, as well as antioxidant carotenoids Bacillus megaterium EM144™, a natural producer of highly bioavailable antioxidant carotenoids in the GI tract Formulated with highly resilient, spore-based strains that possess innate resistance to the stressors of heat, light, stomach acid, and time, ensuring long term viabilityUtilizes a sustainably sourced, food-based prebiotic blend of biologically active compounds; free of FOS and inulin Ingredients Probiotic Bio-Complex: 1 Billion Viable Cells per serving Ribospore™ (Bacillus pumilus) Bacillus megaterium EM144™ Bacillus subtilis Bacillus clausii Bacillus coagulans Prebiotic Bio-Complex: 850mg per serving Larch Arabinogalactan [Larix spp.], Reishi [Ganoderma lucidum] Extract (fruiting body), Wild-Harvested Chaga [Inonotus obliquus] Extract (fruiting body), Wild-Harvested Nova Scotian Bladderwrack [Fucus vesiculosus] Extract (thallus), Wild-Harvested Patagonian Wakame [Undaria pinnatifida] Extract (sporophyll), Humic Acids Other Ingredients: Plant cellulose (capsule)Contains NO dairy, wheat, yeast, gluten, corn, sugar, soy, shellfish, tree nuts, or GMO's. Made without stearates, fillers, binders, flow agents, or additives of any kind. Suggested Use: Take 1-2 capsules per day with or without food, or as recommended by your healthcare professional.
ION Biome - ION Gut Health - All-natural, non-toxic mineral supplement to support your Microbiome ION Biome - ION Gut Health - All-natural, non-toxic mineral supplement to support your Microbiome
ION Biome - ION Gut Health - All-natural, non-toxic mineral supplement to support your Microbiome from $59.95
ION*Gut Health increases the body’s production of beneficial enzymes through redox signaling (cellular communication). Those beneficial enzymes strengthen the tight junctions (the seals between cells) in our gut lining – the barrier protecting us from toxic substances like glyphosate and gluten while allowing the entry of beneficial nutrients. It’s a critical barrier to keep strong so that a vibrant microbiome can flourish. Good health depends entirely on gut health because a lot more than digestion happens in the gut. It’s also where proper immune system function begins and the majority of our neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, are created. Say yes to ION*Gut Health and you are saying yes to optimum gut-brain connectivity and feel-good transmissions, protection from the toxins we face every day in our air, water, and food, higher immunity, easier digestion, and reduced gluten sensitivity. Usage Instructions Adults and Children 3 and Over: For general gut-brain health, we recommend 1 teaspoon of ION* Gut Support 3x/day. Optimal gut support is achieved when taken 30 minutes prior to meals because of ION* Gut Support's protective effects against gluten and glyphosate, but you can take it immediately before, with, or after a meal, (or on an empty stomach) and still receive benefit. Children under three: We recommend ¼ teaspoon, 3x/day for children under 3 years of age. If you would like to introduce your little ones more slowly, we recommend 1/8 teaspoon a day, slowly building to standard usage. Sensitive Adult Usage: Results can vary with initial ION* Gut Support usage, with many customers reporting rapid and profound early results. These results are not the direct effects of the supplement itself, but instead reflect the innate healing process that occurs in a body as the firewall system is optimally up and running. There is a subset of individuals, however, that can experience symptoms of tiredness, headache, bloating/increased gas, or bowel changes. If you feel you may be sensitive to the changes that can occur as your innate defenses and capacity for water/nutrient absorption are restored, we suggest a slower approach. Start with 1/8 teaspoon of ION* Gut Support daily, increasing usage slowly, as tolerated, to get to recommended label usage.
Biocidin® Liquid - Broad Spectrum, Detoxification & Immune Support - Bio-Botanical Research Biocidin® Liquid - Broad Spectrum, Detoxification & Immune Support - Bio-Botanical Research
Biocidin® Liquid - Broad Spectrum, Detoxification & Immune Support - Bio-Botanical Research $65.00
Biocidin® is a synergistic combination of botanical medicines which targets the entire GI tract and supports microbiome balance for healthy digestion and elimination. The botanicals also have systemic applications in microbial challenges wherever they occur. Independent laboratory testing has concluded that Biocidin® has broad reaching effects, including addressing biofilms. Suggested Use To decrease die-off reactions increase very gradually per tolerance from Beginning to the Moderate usage levels. May be used at the Maximum Usage level in acute cases if well tolerated. Not for use during pregnancy. Children, use 1 - 2 drops of liquid per 10 lbs. of body weight per day divided into 2 - 3 doses. Ingredients Bilberry extract (25% anthocyanosides), Noni, Milk Thistle, Echinacea (purpurea & angustifolia), Goldenseal, Shiitake, White Willow (bark), Garlic, Grapeseed extract (min. 90% polyphenols), Black Walnut (hull and leaf), Raspberry, Fumitory, Gentian, Tea Tree oil, Galbanum oil, Lavender oil (plant & flower), Oregano oil (plant & flower). Other Ingredients: Vegetable Glycerin, Alcohol Less than 5% (potato and or cane source). Product contains no allergens such as milk, eggs, yeast, corn, soy or wheat. Free of any synthetic ingredients, colors, additives or excipients. No animal testing. 100% vegetarian/vegan formula. Certified Organic or wild-crafted sources used whenever possible.  
Zinc-Zyme (Z-03) - Apex Energetics - Immune System and Digestive System Support Zinc-Zyme (Z-03) - Apex Energetics - Immune System and Digestive System Support
Zinc-Zyme (Z-03) - Apex Energetics - Immune System and Digestive System Support $19.95
Zinc-Zyme™ supports the immune system and proper enzymatic function by providing high-potency zinc.* This formula incorporates zinc from both zinc glycinate and zinc arginate balanced with copper*.   This formula also includes several enzymes for supporting the digestive process.* Suggested Use: Take 1 capsule 2 times a day with meals, or as directed by your healthcare professional. Storage instructions: Store at room temperature away from direct sunlight. Keep this bottle tightly closed. Warning: Consult your healthcare professional before use if pregnant, nursing, taking medications, or for any use by minors. Do not use if safety seal is broken or missing. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. *This statement has not been evaluated by the Food Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
ClearVite-GLB (K-108) - Apex Energetics - Gastrointestinal, Metabolic, Liver and Gallbladder Support ClearVite-GLB (K-108) - Apex Energetics - Gastrointestinal, Metabolic, Liver and Gallbladder Support
ClearVite-GLB (K-108) - Apex Energetics - Gastrointestinal, Metabolic, Liver and Gallbladder Support $54.95
ClearVite-GLB™ is designed to offer gastrointestinal and metabolic support.* In addition, this product is intended to support liver detoxication and chemical biotransformation with targeted nutritional cofactors.* This formula excludes sources of rice and pea protein for those with sensitivities to grains or peas, or who require low carbohydrate content.* It contains 2 grams of targeted amino acids, as compared to 5 grams in ClearVite-GL™. It also contains no sugars, which makes it ideal for anti-yeast diets.* Suggested use: Mix 1 scoop with 4-6 ounces of water. Mix well before drinking. Use once a day, or as directed by your healthcare professional. This product should not be used in a diet supplying less than 600 calories per day without complete medical supervision. Storage instructions: Store at room temperature away from direct sunlight. Keep this container tightly closed. Warning: Consult your healthcare professional before use if pregnant, nursing, taking medications, or for any use by minors. Do not use if safety seal is broken or missing. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. For nutritional use only. *This statement has not been evaluated by the Food Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
HCL-Prozyme (Z-26) - Apex Energetics - Betaine HCl, Ox Bile, Pepsin, Papain with a combination of digestive enzyme supports HCL-Prozyme (Z-26) - Apex Energetics - Betaine HCl, Ox Bile, Pepsin, Papain with a combination of digestive enzyme supports
HCL-Prozyme (Z-26) - Apex Energetics - Betaine HCl, Ox Bile, Pepsin, Papain with a combination of digestive enzyme supports $31.95
HCL Pro-Zyme™ supports digestive processes through 500 mg of betaine HCl and a proprietary blend of key ingredients.* Gentian, peppermint, cardamom, and dandelion are just a few of the specially selected herbs that comprise this product's unique formulation. This formula also contains high-potency vitamin B6 and is an excellent source of vitamin B3. Suggested use: Take 1 capsule with a meal. Storage instructions: Store at room temperature away from direct sunlight. Keep this bottle tightly closed. Warning: Consult your healthcare professional before use if pregnant, nursing, taking medications, or for any use by minors. Do not use if safety seal is broken or missing. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. For nutritional use only. *This statement has not been evaluated by the Food Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. **These products are prohibited to be resold on any third party sites including Amazon and ebay.